PBIS — The Warrior Way is Here to Stay!

I often talk about PBIS on Instagram and to teachers I connect with.  As I share about what PBIS looks like at our school, teachers often ask for information that they can share to consider implementing it at their own school.  It is for this reason that I am going to put down in writing our experience, our reward incentives, the results we have seen according to our data, and how we raise funds to support our program.  For anyone who is not sure if you should take the time to read this post, know that I was a PBIS skeptic.  I was someone who was not thrilled to be on another committee and I was very apprehensive to drink the proverbial Kool-Aid.  Like many teachers at our school, I believed PBIS was just another program promising to change our school culture, but more than likely was just a business trying to make some money and I would have to suffer through meetings that would never bare any fruit.  Our school culture has dramatically shifted in our first year of PBIS and our parents and community have been very excited about the new things that we have going on at our school.  In parent meetings, they have commented on what a difference this program has made in their student’s behavior and how they view school.  The local news even came to our school to share with their viewers how this program was impacting our students.  Looking back, I cannot express to you how wrong I was and how differently I feel about PBIS today.


Before I get to the part where I explain how we have reduced office referrals by over 40% every single month in our first year of the program, I should explain the concept behind PBIS.  PBIS stands for positive behavioral interventions and supports.  PBIS aims to have schools create expectations for students to follow that are posted, modeled, and reinforced through a variety of methods.  When thought and consideration are put into to developing clear and concise expectations for behavior and students are thoroughly educated about these expectations, it is common for 85% of your student population to abide by the established behavior expectations.  PBIS calls this the pyramid, with the majority of your students falling into the bottom tier category.

Oftentimes in a school, we assume that our students understand basic behavior expectations and social norms; however, we cannot assume that every student knows what we expect or that every student would have the same perspective on acceptable behavior.  What is appropriate in the classroom?  What is appropriate in the bathroom?  How should we act when we are in the cafeteria and what is appropriate and appreciated in each of these areas?  If you were to ask students and teachers, you will find that you will have a wide array of answers.  It is important that schools come up with their own set of behavior expectations that are clear, concise, and highlight the most important desired expectations in each area of the school.  The PBIS committee begins to create these behavior expectations; however, the entire staff of the school should be involved in providing feedback to help create this important backbone of your PBIS program.

How did PBIS start at our school?  The state of Georgia has made PBIS a state-wide initiative and has implemented the program in many counties throughout Georgia.  Our county included PBIS in their school improvement plan and set a goal to eventually implement it this program in all of our schools.  Last school year, we were chosen as one of the schools to pilot this program.  My principal came to me to tell me that the county office was launching a new program focused on positive behavior reinforcement and they asked him to pick teachers to serve on this committee.  He said that he had chosen teachers who had positive relationships with their students and fostered a positive classroom environment and I was flattered to be chosen.  I will be 100% honest with you and tell you that I was flattered, but also overwhelmed and serving on many other committees and had a lot on my plate–as most teachers do.  Although I was honored, I was not thrilled to be adding something to that list and I will also admit I am not a teacher who enjoys anything that takes me away from my classroom.

Through many trainings, away from my classroom, the committee was immersed in PBIS and we set out to develop our school-wide expectations and learn about how we would use data to target specific problem areas in our school each month.  We established roles on our committee and learned the responsibilities of each one.  I was chosen to oversee the data for our committee.  Tasked with the responsibility of drilling down specific school-wide trends, I present data-driven information to our committee every month.  We use our data to discuss behavior trends occurring in our school.  We drill down and look into the information to see what we would like to target with interventions and supports each month to help address issues at our school.  Through our PBIS online platform, we input all office referral information.  At our school, the attendance secretary inputs all of this information daily.

This is the PBIS homepage for anyone wanting more information.

Before PBIS, what we knew about our office referrals was very limited.  We knew how many we referrals we had the previous year, we knew how many office referrals each student had, and why the student was being referred.  That is about it.  With vague information and a lack of detail, we really could not do much to address problem areas at our school.  We did not have the information to actually know, for certain, what they specifically were. Even worse than creating solutions to problems we weren’t even sure existed was the fact that we couldn’t be sure that our solutions were having the desired impact to address these issues.

All of those problems have vanished now at our school thanks to PBIS.  Because of the detailed nature of office referrals that are input into this database, we are able to view the school-wide information in many different ways. We can look at grade level trends, times of the day they are occurring, days of the week, problem locations in the school, problem behaviors, perceived motivation, and much more.  Oftentimes, we find specific trends occurring at our school.  Sometimes, these trends lead us to have discussions about what is causing the problem.  As a committee, we brainstorm how we can create meaningful and specific targeted behavioral interventions and supports to help reduce the trend.  We launch our initiatives each month and reconvene the following month to see if our interventions and supports helped to reduce the trend.

As a committee, we also established certain incentives at our school to reinforce positive behaviors at our school.  Our school mascot is a warrior and we decided we would collectively call our behavior expectations “The Warrior Way.”  We created areas in our school that we could use to support our behavioral supports and interventions each month.  We surveyed our school to find areas that were being under-used or not used at all.  Outside of our cafeteria, we have a large grassy area that seemed perfect to create an outdoor cafe.  As you leave the cafeteria, there was a large empty classroom that was being used as a meeting room.  With a lot of begging and pleading to our principal, we relocated this meeting room and created our Warrior Way Game Room.  As you enter the cafeteria, we have a large lobby that was mostly vacant aside from a few vending machines.  This area seemed perfect to create a Warrior Way Store, where students could redeem Warrior Ones–our PBIS currency.


What are Warrior Ones?  Well, they’re a currency we created at our school to reinforce positive behaviors as we see students exhibiting them.  When we see a student exhibiting the behavior expectations that are posted in the hallway, we may stop them and give them a Warrior One.  As students enter my classroom during transitions, I may walk around the classroom and place a Warrior One on the desk of students who are already working on their warm-up.  When a student volunteers to answer a tough question in class or I see a student display an act of kindness, I may give them a Warrior One.  What is very important about this is it has elevated my classroom management and reshaped how I approach everything.  Before PBIS, I likely would have walked in my classroom and asked students to get started on their warm-ups who were not doing what they were asked to do.  Conversely, I now walk in and thank students for doing this without even being asked.  You would be shocked at how other students are motivated and see these students now as role models.  The reinforcement shows other students what the expectation is and instead of negatively addressing those students who are not doing what is expected, I have now fixed the problem using positivity and praise.  This will forever change your classroom and the way you approach classroom management.

Before PBIS, we had consequences for students who exhibited specific behaviors that the school deems unacceptable.  The thing is, these consequences have existed since schools have been created.  So too, have the problems.  These problems didn’t go away because a student may have to serve a Saturday school or serve a detention.  Does this mean that you get rid of consequences when you implement PBIS?  Absolutely not.  The goal is to try to motivate students to want to meet behavior expectations.  All this time, before PBIS, those students who met our behavior expectations were simply sitting there silently doing what is expected–hardly ever being noticed, recognized, or praised.

Schools should be a place where students should enjoy coming to.  My goal is to make my classroom and our school a place that my students are excited about and will one day look back and fondly remember.  I have overheard far too many students exclaim that they hate coming to school and that they feel like school is a prison.  This is one of the most tragic things to hear as a teacher.  Although I do reject these notions, even before our school implemented PBIS, I think it speaks to an important point.  Students who dread coming to school, who skip school to avoid being there, who physically show up to school, but mentally are not invested in their education CANNOT and WILL NOT learn as well as students who feel that school is a place where they WANT to be.  I cannot emphasize this point enough.  I want to scream this from the roof tops until every teacher understands that even though a student has to be at school, we should also hope that they truly want to be there.  PBIS has tremendously shifted our students’ views on our school, how teachers interact with them, and how they view their educational experience.

Lastly, I should explain how we have funded our incentives and behavior reinforcements.  As we toured schools who had already implemented PBIS, we found one school that had a well established fundraiser that was somewhat like a fall festival.  We decided that we would try this as well at our school and created 20 carnival type games that we set up in our gym.  Students paid a dollar to get into the “Warrior Wahoo” that was held during their connections period and we sold concessions and tickets for students to use to play the games.  Teachers volunteered to be pied in the face–and yes, you guessed it, I was one of them.  I will do almost anything for a good cause.  Not only did this event raise a lot of money, but our students absolutely loved it!  Every single penny that was made from this event went directly towards the reward areas we created in our school and directly back to our students.  Since then, we have scheduled one of these events each semester and have added to the games we offer.  The teacher in charge of this event is a saint and put in a lot of hard work, but it certainly paid off and is very easy to build upon once you get it established.  We also took over the school talent show as our second fundraiser.  That’s is all that we do to raise funds and it has been more than enough to keep us going and operational.

I will leave you with a look at our school-wide data so far for this school year and the single most important thing your principal needs to hear.  Each office referral takes away precious time from instruction.  At a bare minimum, the student who is referred is missing instruction and the teacher is distracted from doing the most important job they are tasked with, teaching.  Additionally, other students are at a loss from this interruption during instructional time.  Even worse, the principal that must address the office referral is spending his/her time also.  This is time that could be used to focus on school improvement, innovative ideas, solutions for their school, supporting their teachers and the other important jobs that they carry out.  With a 40% reduction in office referrals, that has also reduced the amount of time our principals have spent this year on handling said office referrals.  They are now able to invest that time elsewhere.  The image below shows you a year-to-year comparison from last school year, without PBIS, compared to this school year, which is our first year implementing PBIS.  I personally never expected to see results right away, let alone a 40% reduction in office referrals every single month of our first year implementing this program.  Like the saying goes, seeing is believing.  I certainly do see and I am forever a converted believer!

Capture 1

*We launched our PBIS program on September 1st, 2018.



Google Expeditions Virtual Reality – The Real Life Magic School Bus


Last school year, I was extremely excited when I learned our classroom was receiving a grant from the Mozilla Gigabit Community in the amount of $10,000.  Mozilla awarded ten $10,000 grants to various schools and entrepreneurs in our city of Chattanooga, Tennessee.  Some of the grantees hoped to develop virtual reality classroom experiences for their foreign language students.  Others wanted to develop robots that would allow teachers to observe other classrooms and transform the collaborative process among their teacher community.  For our grant, we hoped to bring virtual reality into our classroom and also connect with museums, scientists, and other amazing outlets to take our students on virtual field trips.

Google Expeditions is a classroom virtual reality set that allows a teacher to direct and lead students on a virtual field trip that can take them virtually anywhere in our entire solar system.  Teachers are no longer bound by their classroom walls and the opportunities they have available in their own communities or within their reach.  We are now able to create experiences for our students that were before unimaginable and even unattainable, at times.  With hundreds of virtual reality lessons to choose from, the teacher is able to conduct the field trip from the comfort of their own classroom using the Google Expeditions kit.  For my Life Science classroom we will travel to the Galapagos Islands when we discuss Charles Darwins’ finch observations.  We will travel inside an animal and plant cell and take a look inside organ systems when we learn about the human body.  As we cover biomes, we will take our students to a tropical rain forest, underwater on a scuba diving expedition to a marine ecosystem, and to the very top of Mount Everest as we see an alpine tundra firsthand.  To see what the full list of all of Expeditions available follow the link below:

Google Expeditions List

Before I tell you how much a classroom set of Google Expeditions costs, know that I provide options for as cheap as $15.00 to bring virtual reality into your classroom later in this post (so keep reading)!  It is also important to know that one set can be used by an entire school.  The Google Expeditions kit is in a travelling case that is easy to take from classroom to classroom and can be used by almost any and every teacher in your school.  It is possible to have technology bought out of Title One funds and one set could serve the entire school.  Other possibilities include creating a DonorsChoose or applying for grants to provide this for your school.

A classroom set (30) for Google Expeditions is roughly $10,000.  There are options to purchase a set of 10 and 20 as well, for a fraction of the price.  The kit comes with 30 virtual reality sets (phones, viewers, chargers), a teacher tablet that allows you to direct the Expedition, a wireless router for everything to connect to, and a rolling case that everything can be stored in that makes this a travelling set.  With relative ease, the teacher can search through available expedition lessons and each lesson downloads in a matter of seconds.  The teacher clicks on the Expedition they would like to direct and presses play on each scene.  Students follow along on their virtual reality set as the teacher guides and directs them through the lesson.  The teacher is able to see on their tablet the scene the students are viewing, along with information to share to the students about each scene.  The teacher can direct students to specific areas in each scene and is able to see what each student is viewing represented by a smiley face.


Without fail, my students get so excited each time I bring out the virtual reality set in our classroom.  When I launch each lesson, the classroom explodes with excitement.  The students are able to travel to places around the globe, explore foreign lands, see microscopic organisms and even go inside the human body.  Google Expeditions not only gets students excited about learning, but provides a visual understanding of many complex topics.  Currently, I am teaching the human body systems unit in our Life Science class.  As we finished discussing the cardiovascular and respiratory system I was explaining to students how these two systems work together to get oxygen into the body and delivered to each cell in the human body.  It is one thing, to teach students, but an even better feeling to show them exactly what you mean.

With Google Expeditions, I was able to transport my students into the human body and show them how oxygen is transported from our respiratory system into our cardiovascular system.  We were able to view the inside of the lungs, where capillaries wrap around the alveoli and the exchange takes place.  The Expedition goes even further by taking you into the alveoli itself where you can view the oxygen molecules moving into the bloodstream.  There is zero doubt in my mind that my students have a much greater understanding of and appreciation for the amazing machine that is the human body after seeing it at work, first hand.  I always feel like Mrs. Frizzle taking our students inside the human body, except there is no Magic School Bus–only a Google Expedition set.

The exciting part about Google Expeditions is that it applies to all subject areas.  There are amazing lessons for all types of teachers.  Social Studies teachers can take their students to the Great Wall of China, to view Mosques of the Middle East, to ancient and modern wonders of the world, or to live as refugee for a day.  ELA teachers can view Shakespear’s roundhouse or take their students to a unique location and have them write about the setting, describe other cultures, or simply set the stage for a story that connects to one of the Expeditions.  There are career explorations, college tours, and all sorts of other neat experiences you could incorporate into a variety of classrooms.  As we have been realizing how adaptable these Expeditions are, other teachers have been using this in their classrooms.  Because it is a case with rolling wheels, it makes it very easy for the entire school to use as a traveling set.

Whether or not you would like to have a set for your school, even one virtual reality set could be a great addition to your school or classroom.  Cardboard viewers are available online and are relatively inexpensive.  Cardboard viewers allow you to place a smart device (phone, ipod touch, etc) inside and create a virtual reality experience.  Simply download apps in your app store, many of which are entirely free, and launch the app in your cardboard viewer.  This could be an excellent option for teachers to use for enrichment, rewards, or even a rotating station in your classroom.  For students in middle or high school, they can place their own phone in the viewer.  For elementary school teachers, you could simply use your personal phone or find an extra smart device that someone has retired to place in your cardboard viewer.  These options would all give you the virtual reality experience in your classroom at a relatively inexpensive price.  The link below is the official Google Cardboard Viwer sold on Amazon for $15.00:

Google Cardboard Viewer on Amazon

Cardboard Viewer

I hope that you get to provide your students with this experience and witness the incredible learning opportunities that stem from this engaging and exciting virtual reality experience.  If you have any questions or need help getting started, please message me.  I would love to hear from you if you are using this in your own classroom and hear your experience!

My Teacher Journey: How My Journey Led Me Here

Welcome to my teaching blog!  I am very eager and excited to share my classroom with you.  My name is Ty Cook and I teach 7th grade life science in Northwest Georgia (just over the state line from Chattanooga, Tennessee).  This is my third year teaching science in the same classroom and I taught social studies at the high school level for one year prior to teaching science.  My teacher journey has not been a typical path to the classroom.  My first college degree was a Bachelor’s of Business from the University of Georgia.  I worked in finance and accounting for a few years (still unsure of what I wanted to truly do).  I truly value my first degree and work experience, but I knew deep down I was not fulfilled in that profession.  I had always dreamed of becoming a teacher and one day being able to inspire children the way that I had been inspired by so many incredible teachers along the way.

I went back to become a teacher and received my Master’s Degree from The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga in 2014.  With the goal of teaching high school social studies, I set out in search of a job.  After many failed attempts, interviews, and countless rejections, I was approached by a former professor who had an opening at his charter school.  The position opened up during the last week of summer break at an elementary charter school.  Although I had never taught elementary school before, I was desperate for a job and interviewed for the 4th grade position.  Of all the positions I had interviewed for, I felt the least equipped and prepared for this particular one.  Naturally, I was chosen for the position and began teaching the following week.

I will never forget my first day teaching.  My classroom was located in the gym–construction for their school’s expansion had run behind and four teachers were placed in the gym with wall partitions as the only classroom “walls.”  The noise was unbearably loud and the conditions were not ideal.  I was given a classroom of students who had looped up with their teacher THREE years in a row due to their behavior.  She was a phenomenal teacher.  I on the other hand, was not.  I floundered in the classroom for weeks, unable to manage my student’s behavior, teach the simplest of lessons, or barely make it through the day without breaking down in tears.  My anxiety level had never been higher and I felt panic attacks coming on each day as I entered the school.

I am not a person who accepts failure readily or has found myself in the position of not being capable of a task I set out to complete; however, in this moment I came to the conclusion that not only was I not able to teach elementary school, I was also not the teacher these students so desperately deserved.  I felt like I was doing the students a disservice and turned in my notice the following morning.  This was a very low moment in my life as I felt I had made an absolute mistake going back to become a teacher.  I questioned if my dream of becoming had been just that–something that was merely an idea in my head.  Perhaps the idea would never become a reality.  Perhaps I was not equipped a teacher and what I hoped to become would never come to fruition.  Rejection, failure, and guilt were the things that weighed heavily on me as I was now at home, unemployed, and uncertain of the future.

A month or so later I received a phone call from my teacher idol, Mrs. Lane.  She was my high school social studies teacher all four years of high school and someone I deeply respected.  She is a huge part of why I became a teacher.  She let me know the department head where I attended high school would be out for many months on leave and asked if I would be willing to long-term sub at the school.  The class was AP US History and AP Economics and I jumped at the opportunity.  Still shaken and nervous from my recent experience, I knew if I did not get back on the proverbial horse that I may never actually follow my dream.

The first day of school, my second first day in one school year, had me in a state of panic.  I barely slept the night before, tossing and turning, worrying that I might have another tragic end result.  To my surprise, the next day was a teacher memory I will never forget.  As I interacted with each class and began to get to know the students, I felt my heart rising and confidence building.  The next days and months to come were challenging, as all new teaching experiences are, but I realized that my first experience would not define the rest of my teaching career.  I had not allowed myself to be defeated by my first failure and refused to give up on my dream.

While I was long-term subbing, the school asked me to co-teach one period of biology each day.  It was while I was in this classroom, that I realized my love for science.  The teacher in this classroom was phenomenal and a veteran teacher who not only knew her subject, inside and out, but was extremely passionate about teaching.  I quickly developed a new love for science and the hands-on learning that took place in the classroom.  As I continued my long-term sub position and it drew to a close, I constantly sought new opportunities that would land me a full-time teaching position.  I decided to add on a middle grades science certification, among many others, and was lucky enough to have a position open up at the middle school for the upcoming school year.

Middle school was an uncharted territory for me, once again, but I had very few options and was feeling more confident after my recent experience.  My first science interview was for a 7th grade life science position at Lakeview Middle School.  I felt more prepared and more experienced than I had before and I envisioned myself as the science teacher who would occupy that classroom.  I wanted the job very badly and had already began to run through my classroom setup, the layout, lesson plans, state standards, labs, and the vision of being my middle school teacher, Mrs. Travillian.  I still remembered her class as if it had just been yesterday.  Her classroom was always fun, upbeat, positive, and hands-on and she was a role model to her students.  I wanted this job to be the one and to be that teacher that students remembered years from now.

After an intense interview, I walked away feeling unsure if I had impressed the principal.  I received a call later that day expecting to be heartbroken, but was shocked when he offered me the position.  I immediately accepted the job and went to work.  My first year teaching middle school was one of the most memorable years of my life.  The year was not without its challenges, sleepless nights, or sheer exhaustion.  I reluctantly become a coach, and practiced every day after school and came home late from cross country meets.  I experienced so many firsts, learned from the teachers around me, and grew tremendously in my first year.  It was through this year that I realized that everything that I had gone through on my journey had led me directly to where I needed to be.  I fell in love with my subject, I explored new ways of teaching, I deeply cared for my students, and felt I had come home as I was teaching at the same middle school I attended.

I want to share my journey that brought me to this very moment with you for an important reason.  There were so many instances where my journey could have gone in so many different directions.  At the time, it was difficult, but I could not be more thankful or feel more grateful that my journey led me to where I am today.  For teachers that are reflecting on their journey, in the midst of it, or soon to begin it, I hope that my story inspires you to stick with it.  I hope that you believe, as I firmly do, that you will end up where you are meant to be even if you cannot figure out where that will be during those trying times.

My goal in beginning this blog is to share with teachers anything I feel may help you along the way.  I plan to share the good, the bad, and the ugly and to be as honest about my journey, as possible.  This is the beginning of my blog and the start of a new journey.  I hope that by me sharing my story, you will also return the favor and help those teachers in your own school, community, or that you connect with whenever you are able.